Nearsightedness, or myopia, is a vision condition that makes it difficult to focus on objects at a distance. Our team of doctors at Ophthalmology Physicians & Surgeons, PC in Philadelphia, PA, offers multiple options for treating nearsightedness, including LASIK and LASEK surgical procedures. During a consultation, we can determine which treatment is best for you.
What Is Nearsightedness (Myopia)?
Myopia can affect patients of all ages. It can be genetically passed down from parent to child. Children between the ages of eight and 12 may begin to complain of not being able to see things in the distance. Myopia is a condition that typically worsens with age.
When the eyes focus incoming light in front of the retina rather than onto the retina, it causes difficulty seeing images far away. This condition is typically the result of eyeballs that are shaped too long from the front to the back, affecting the way in which light enters the eye. Nearsightedness can also stem from a birth defect, such as an abnormally shaped cornea or thick crystalline lens.
Generally, those with nearsightedness can see well enough to read books or computer screens without glasses.
Myopia occurs when incoming light is focused in front of the retina rather than directly onto it.
Signs and Symptoms of Nearsightedness
Signs and symptoms of nearsightedness include:
- Strain on the eyes
- Squinting while trying to focus on objects in the distance
- Difficulty seeing objects that are far away
Myopia is a condition that typically worsens with age.
Treatment Options for Nearsightedness
Nearsightedness can be treated in several ways:
- LASIK: During LASIK surgery, the surgeon uses a laser to reshape the cornea with minimal discomfort and no stitches. Within two to three days, most patients can experience remarkably improved vision.
- LASEK: This procedure involves creating an extremely thin tissue flap in the outermost layer of the cornea before reshaping the tissue. LASEK is often considered a highly effective solution for those who may not be a candidate for LASIK due to thin corneas.
- Eyeglasses: Customized prescription eyeglass can help refocus light onto the retina and correct vision, allowing you to see clearly see images far away.
- Contact Lenses: Patients who want to avoid surgery or prefer something more discreet than eyeglasses can wear prescription contact lenses to correct their vision. Contact lenses are placed directly onto the cornea, resulting in clearer vision. When fitted and cared for properly, they are a safe and affordable option for most patients. Since there are certain eye conditions that can make it difficult to wear contact lenses, your eye doctor will perform a thorough examination to determine if this is the best solution for you.
Our doctors at Ophthalmology Physicians & Surgeons, PC can properly diagnose nearsightedness during a comprehensive eye examination using a series of tests. If nearsightedness is diagnosed, your doctor will explain your treatment options.
Schedule Your Appointment Today
We are here to help bring your world into focus. Contact us today online or by calling 215-794-4550 to book your eye examination.